GSP Expiration Looms, December 31

The Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) provides duty-free treatment to goods of designated beneficiary countries. The program was authorized by the Trade Act of 1974 to promote economic growth in the developing countries and was implemented on January 1, 1976.

The GSP periodically expires and must be renewed by Congress to remain in effect. All previous GSP renewals that have taken effect after a lapse have included a retroactive clause providing refunds to importers of eligible goods imported during the lapse period.

The 2015 GSP reauthorization (H.R. 1295) will expire on

December 31, 2017. 

Barring Congressional action, the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) will expire for goods entered or withdrawn from warehouse after midnight, December 31, 2017.

Special Procedures for GSP-Eligible Goods

In the event of a lapse and until further notice, importers are strongly encouraged to continue to flag GSP-eligible importations with the SPI “A,” even as they pay normal trade relations (column 1) duty rates on otherwise GSP-eligible importations. Importers may not file SPI “A” without duties.

  • CBP is working to have programming in place that, in the event that GSP is renewed with a retroactive refund clause, will allow CBP to automate the duty refund process.
  • CBP will continue to allow post-importation GSP claims made via post summary correction (PSC) and protest (19 USC 1514, 19 CFR 174) subsequent to the expiration of GSP, for importations made while GSP was still in effect. CBP will not allow post-importation GSP claims made via PSC or protest subsequent to the expiration of GSP, for importations made subsequent to expiration.
  • The pending expiration of GSP has no effect on goods entered with African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) preference.
  • Since the GSP does not provide an MPF exemption, its expiration has no impact on the collection of the MPF.
  • Goods of least-developed beneficiary developing countries (LDBDCs) listed in HTSUS General Note 4(b)(i) maintain their MPF exemption per 19 CFR 24.23(c)(1)(iv).
  • Per 19 CFR 141.68(a)(2) & (3), the time of entry can be as early as the time that the entry documents are filed, provided that the merchandise is within the port limits and such has been requested.

Extension of Liquidation

Requests for the suspension of liquidation under 19 CFR 159.12 pending the reinstatement of GSP will be denied. Questions should be directed to the Trade Agreements Branch at

GSP Eligibility

Almost 5,000 tariff items are eligible for GSP benefits:

  • 3,500 of which are available to all GSP countries
  • 1,500 of which are available solely to Least Developed Beneficiary Developing Countries (LDBDCs)

In order to benefit from GSP, a good must be either wholly obtained or sufficiently manufactured in a GSP country. Sufficiently manufactured means that all 3rd-country materials have undergone a substantial transformation plus at least 35% of the good’s value has been added in the beneficiary country. Additionally, the good must be “imported directly”.

Eligible tariff items are identified by the symbols “A”, “A*” or “A+” in the “Special” sub-column of the HTSUS.

  • The symbol “A” indicates that all GSP countries are eligible (HTSUS General Note 4(a))
  • The symbol “A*” indicates that certain GSP countries are ineligible (HTSUS General Note 4(d))
  • The symbol “A+” indicates approximately 1,500 additional tariff items for which only the LDBDCs are eligible (HTSUS General Note 4(b))

For more information, visit the USTR-US Generalized System of Preferences Guidebook.

Export Entity List Violations Carry Heavy Penalties

An American forwarding company recently settled civil penalty charges with the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) after the attempted distribution of unlicensed export goods subject to Export Administration Regulation controls.  The shipment was to be received by a company in Pakistan registered on the Entity List.  The items for export included an ultrasonic mill cutting machine controlled for anti-terrorism reasons.

Bureau of Industry and Security stated that the company:

  1. Failed to flag the transaction of issue
    • Name and address information of listed entity and importer closely matched
  2. Had not screened the entity:
    • Against any other government issued prohibited party lists
    • Several of the company’s internal filing programs flagged the entry

The settlement requires the American company to:

  • pay a $175,000 penalty
  • receive two external export control compliance audits

If BIS were to identify any violation of Export Administration Regulations, the company will have to provide waybills and other export control documentation.  If the company complies with the requirements of the agreement and commits no additional export violations, the BIS will suspend and waive $75,000 of the penalty through March 2020.

For more information, contact Rex Sherman, Vice President, LAX Branch Manager, CHB, at

CBP Changes to the In-Bond Process

The in-bond process allows imported merchandise to be entered at one U.S. port of entry without appraisement or payment of duties and transported by a bonded carrier to another U.S. port of entry, or other authorized destination, provided all statutory and regulatory conditions are met.

DATES: This rule is effective on November 27, 2017. A flexible enforcement period will be granted for 90 days after the effective date of this rule.


  1. Immediate Transportation (IT)
    1. allows merchandise upon its arrival at a U.S. port to be transported to another U.S. port, where a subsequent entry must be filed
  2. Transportation and Exportation (T&E)
    1. allows merchandise to be entered at a U.S. port for transit through the United States to another U.S. port, where the merchandise is exported without the payment of duties.
  3. Immediate Exportation (IE)
    1. allows cargo that has arrived at a U.S. port to be immediately exported from that same port without the payment of duties.


  1. Except for merchandise transported by pipeline and truck shipments transiting the U.S. from Canada, elimination of the paper in-bond application (CBP Form 7512) – require carriers and agents to electronically file the in-bond application;
  2. Requirement of additional information on the in-bond application including the six-digit U.S. Harmonized Tariff Schedule number, if available;
  3. Establishment of a 30-day maximum transit time to transport in-bond merchandise between U.S. ports, for all modes of transportation except pipeline and barge (60 days);
  4. Requirement for carriers to electronically request and receive permission from CBP before diverting in-bond merchandise from its intended destination port to another port; and
    1. allows for the transportation of in-bond merchandise with non-bonded merchandise in a container or compartment that is not sealed, if the in-bond merchandise is corded and sealed, or labeled as in-bond merchandise.
  5. Requirement for carriers to report the arrival and location of the in-bond merchandise within two business days of arrival at the port of destination or port of exportation.

Changes to this rule, including the automation of the in-bond process, will enhance CBP’s ability to regulate and track in-bond merchandise and ensure that in-bond merchandise is properly entered or exported.

For more information, visit the CBP’s Federal Register Notice.

DOC Finds Dumping of Hardwood Plywood Imports from China

On November 13th, the United States Department of Commerce (DOC) announced final determinations of the anti-dumping and countervailing investigations of hardwood plywood imports from the People’s Republic of China.

Merchandise subject to investigations included:

  • Hardwood and decorative plywood;
  • Certain veneered panels:
    • Defined as flat, multi-layered plywood consisting of 2 or more layers or piles of wood veneers and a core.

The DOC found dumping had occurred at a margin of 183.36 percent.

Summary of final determinations:

  • Mandatory respondents of this case have received a dumping rate of 36 percent;
    • As did eligible non-selected respondents
    • All other producers in China have received the same rate as part of the China-wide entity
  • Mandatory respondents of this case have received a final subsidy rate of 98 and 194.9 percent;
  • 61 companies failed to respond to a quantity and value questionnaire;
    • resulting in a subsidy rate of 9 percent
  • All other producers in China received subsidies of 98 percent.

Commerce will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Patrol to collect cash deposits to equal the final weighted average dumping rates. If the U.S. International Trade Commission (ITC) determines that the domestic hardwood plywood industry is injured, Commerce will instruct Customs to continue the collection of cash deposits until equal to the applied rates. If the ITC makes negative determinations of injury to domestic industry, investigations will be terminated.

Commerce currently maintains 412 AD and CVD orders which provide relief to American companies and industries impacted by unfair trade.

For more information on this case, contact Rex Sherman, Vice President, LAX Branch Manager, CHB, at

The Case Against Transportation Costs, Time and Value

I come from the operational side of freight transportation, so naturally, that’s my focus. I’ve built up a good amount of empathy for (often overworked) logistics managers and their (more overworked) staff. No matter the organization, their procedures or the individual operator’s role, responsibility and work-ethic, there always seems to be a severe shortage of the same thing – TIME!

  • Sending and confirming bookings via e-mail.
  • Hunting documentation discrepancies.
  • Manually updating tracking spreadsheets.
  • Fielding updates to purchasing and sales teams.

Sound familiar? Job creep is a reality in any industry, but the degree to which an organization lets it persist can tally up and bottleneck in freight transportation. That’s why supply chain managers throw up their hands and declare, “do you know much time it would take to switch to another forwarder?!” The honest answer is, I do.

And, no matter how large your organization, the answer will always be, “less time than you are wasting now.”

Let’s take a real-life example (names have been changed):

I met John Smith at a purchasing solutions conference roughly 4 months ago.  We happened to sit next to each other during a local networking luncheon, and once he found out I worked in logistics, he really let it all out.

John was the Materials Manager at local parts manufacturer and he was frustrated, rightly so.

John spends his first few hours of the day assigning work to his operations team. Their system comprised of manual functioning spreadsheets and emails passed from department to department. Tracking seemed endless because of mixed transits and routings. The requirement of accurate Importer Security Filing (ISF) meant his team had to follow-up overseas constantly to ensure each shipment received the proper AMS match – to avoid a Customs exam or worse, a customs penalty (up to $10,000 USD).

Rolled bookings were not communicated timely, so John needs most afternoons coordinating between sales and purchasing to maintain delivery expectations; all while senior management was pressuring him to lower overall transportation costs. How was he going to reduce costs when he needed 10 more team members to handle his scaling supply chain?

I felt bad for John; we are all John.

Feeling sure I could remedy his situation, I walked him through several strategies to solve his supply chain woes. We talked about automation, better logistics designs, and how increased operational efficiency was a better long-term costs cutter than simply pushing down transportation costs – which leave you with the same problems and worse service.

Even though he knew my solutions would help, John hesitated, “There are so many moving pieces, I just don’t know how we’d find the time.”

I hear this simply too often, and it’s a complete misperception.

John quickly discovered that switching freight providers is much easier than he thought.  Over the course of a few short meetings, we worked out a set-up that allowed us to take the most time-consuming tasks off John’s (and his team’s) desk.

In total, the scary switch took roughly 10 hours to transition. John and his team now have access to an automated management system with live real-time shipment updates allowing them to book and track their import shipments with a few clicks, communicate status updates to stakeholders and managers without delay, and ship their inventory to customers immediately after receiving the order from the customers.

Those ten hours gave John back his evenings with the family, reduced his blood pressure, and even enough time for a few golf games on the weekends.

While I cannot slow down the Earth’s rotation and add a few hours to the day, I can help you discover and eliminate the excess in your operational supply chain, and take some real work off your desk.

If you’re ready to take your time back, contact me, Thomas Jensen, at Green Worldwide Shipping.

Thomas Jensen

Sales Executive, Green Worldwide Shipping, LLC.